Sample Connection Schematics

 
 


SOB can use NMEA data from a wide selection of devices (GPS, Autopilot etc). Although much of the connection/data details are widely specified, there can still be many issues involved with successfully inter-connecting devices, and connecting one or several devices to your computer and SOB.

In the schematics below, we have endeavoured to display a wide selection of (1) devices to connect; and (2) inter-connection scenarios. So hopefully you can find, if not your precise requirements, at least something very similar which will certainly provide you with a head-start for your connections.

For Trial and Licensed SOB users, we can offer more connection assistance as required. If emailing us for assistance, YOU MUST PROVIDE:

  1. Make/Model of all devices involved

  2. Either: the devices' User Manual(s) attached, or links to these Manuals on the web, and

  3. A sketch of your current, or intended connections

 
       
 

Serial Connections Primer

 
   
Most connections start (or end) with a serial plug as seen on the laptop example (at right) with a serial cable below it.

For laptops with no serial connector (most modern computers no longer include a serial socket), a Serial to USB Converter is required:

A dual converter is displayed. The 9-Pin sockets are "male" as for the ones built into computers.
 

The 9-Pin "D" Plug, used for Serial connections, with two rows of pins, is not to be confused with the 15-pin Monitor connector with three rows of holes!

For our purposes, we use only 2 or 3 of the 9 "pins" of the serial plug:

The Ground (pin 5) is used with both data-out and data-in. Most of the Schematics that follow will not show this ground connection.
Data-In
(pin 2) is the connection used by devices to send NMEA data to SOB, and
Data-Out (pin 3) is the connection used by SOB to send commands to devices (eg: transferring Wpts from SOB to a GPS, or sending commands to control an Autopilot)

For an example, we could connect two computers via a "cross-over" serial cable, SOB#1 would send data to SOB#2 and vice-versa. So either can transmit and receive data to/from the other.

The following shows a wiring connection to achieve the "cross-over":


   

 

 
     

 

 
   

 
 

Example Serial Plug Connections

 
 

Garmin (4-pin circular connector)
to PC and Battery:

Magellan (Meridian)
to PC and Battery:

 

Raytheon NAV398
to PC and Battery:

Lowrance (Globalmap)
to PC and Battery:

 

 
   

 
 

Simple NMEA Connections

 
  The best advice possible for connecting your instruments to the computer is to study the devices manual, wherever it talks of NMEA connecting or wiring diagrams etc. The are likely to be connection "clues" scattered across several pages of the manual (see the worked examples in the next section). After careful and repeated study, make the data connections when you're as sure as you can be that all connections/wires are "known".

GPS and Autopilot
Most basic example demonstrating how the In and Out pins on the serial plug are independent of each other,


GPS and Backup GPS and Autopilot
The previous example with a back-up GPS connected, a simple toggle switch is used to select the connected GPS.


Multiple NMEA Instruments
The "daisy chaining" is not always possible. Generally instruments from the same manufacturer can be daisy-chained. Although usually as a proprietary non-NMEA system, with possibly a NMEA In/Out available on the device at the end of the "chain" or rather through a proprietary converter to NMEA (see examples below).

Non similar instruments may have NMEA In/Out which can be used to daisy-chain provided they pass-thru all received NMEA sentences.

The following schematic also demonstrates how a NMEA Output wire (in this case from the GPS) can be "fanned out" and sent to many devices (up to 4 is permissable). For example, a single installed GPS can output to the PC, the DSC Radio input, and the Autopilot.

(NOTE: The ground connection is not shown)


NMEA Multiplexers (aka MUX) will be necessary when there are more NMEA devices to connect than available COM ports or no other available inter-connection options (eg daisy-chaining). Typically they're used when many instruments from different manufacturers need to be input into SOB.

Multiplexers can also be used to solve some specific connection issues, some examples: converting Raymarine Seatalk data; interfacing higher-speed AIS devices; filtering excess or conflicting NMEA data; providing Bluetooth or USB connections for NMEA instruments...

Same as the previous example, but includes a backup GPS


MUX Alternative

SOB works with 4 separate Serial / COM ports, permitting independent connection of 4 (or more, via daisy-chaining; remote data combining etc) NMEA devices, as does a MUX. Using a low-price Quad Serial to USB Converter, the 4 serial wire connections can be connected to the Quad Converter, and a single USB wire from the converter connects to the laptop. Driver software creates 4 separate "virtual" COM ports in the computer which SOB connects to, as for regular COM ports.

Example photo, shows a dual and quad serial converters connected to a USB Hub. Of the 6 serial ports created, 3 are used by Communication gear to connect to the laptop, the remaining 3 are used by NMEA devices (including a MUX, required in this installation because of the sheer number of NMEA devices interconnected)


Full schematic for this installation for those interested.

 

Another example use of the Quad Serial Converter, in this case only 3 of the 4 available serial ports are currently being used.

 

 
   

 
 

Connections with specific devices

 
  coming soon  
   

 
 

Proprietary Connection Examples

 
  coming soon  
   

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 


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